Print Glossary
  • Saddle Stitch

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    To bind by stapling sheets together where they fold at the spine, as compared to side stitch. Also called pamphlet stitch, saddle wire and stitch bind.

  • Satin Finish

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    Alternate term for dull finish on coated paper.

  • Scale

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    To identify the percent by which photographs or art should be enlarged or reduced to achieve, the correct size for printing.

  • Scanner

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    Electronic device used to scan an image.

  • Score

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    To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.

  • Screen Angles

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    Angles at which screens intersect with the horizontal line of the press sheet. The common screen angles for separations are black 45 degree, magenta 75 degree, yellow 90 degree and cyan 105 degree.

  • Screen Density

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    Refers to the percentage of ink coverage that a screen tint allows to print. Also called screen percentage.

  • Screen Printing

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    Method of printing by using a squeegee to force ink through an assembly of mesh fabric and a stencil.

  • Screen Ruling

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    Number of rows or lines of dots per inch or centimeter in a screen for making a screen tint or halftone. Also called line count, ruling, screen frequency, screen size and screen value.

  • Screen Tint

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    Color created by dots instead of solid ink coverage. Also called Benday, fill pattern, screen tone, shading, tint and tone.

  • Selective Binding

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    Placing signatures or inserts in magazines or catalogs according to demographic or geographic guidelines.

  • Self Cover

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    Usually in the book arena, a publication not having a cover stock. A publication only using text stock throughout.

  • Self Mailer

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    A printed item independent of an envelope. A printed item capable of travel in the mailing arena independently.

  • Separated Art

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    Art with elements that print in the base color on one surface and elements that print in other colors on other surfaces. Also called preseparated art.

  • Separations

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    Usually in the four-color process arena, separate film holding qimages of one specific color per piece of film. Black, Cyan, Magenta and Yellow. Can also separate specific PMS colors through film.

  • Serigraphic Printing

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    Printing method whose image carriers are woven fabric, plastic or metal that allow ink to pass through some portions and block ink from passing through other portions. Serigraphic printing includes screen and mimeograph.

  • Service Bureau

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    Business using imagesetters to make high resolution printouts of files prepared on microcomputers. Also called output house and prep service.

  • Setoff

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    Undesirable transfer of wet ink from the top of one sheet to the underside of another as they lie in the delivery stack of a press. Also called offset.

  • Shade

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    Hue made darker by the addition of black, as compared to tint.

  • Shadows

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    Darkest areas of a photograph or illustration, as compared to midtones and high-lights.

  • Sheetfed Press

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    Press that prints sheets of paper, as compared to a web press.

  • Sheetwise

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    Technique of printing one side of a sheet with one set of plates, then the other side of the sheet with a set of different plates. Also called work and back.

  • Shingling

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    Allowance, made during paste-up or stripping, to compensate for creep. Creep is the problem; shingling is the solution. Also called stair stepping and progressive margins.

  • Side stitch

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    To bind by stapling through sheets along, one edge, as compared to saddle stitch. Also called cleat stitch and side wire.

  • Signature

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    Printed sheet folded at least once, possibly many times, to become part of a book, magazine or other publication.

  • Size

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    Compound mixed with paper or fabric to make it stiffer and less able to absorb moisture.

  • Slip Sheets

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    Separate sheets (stock) independent from the original run positioned between the "printed run" for a variety of reasons.

  • Soft Dots

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    Halftones dots with halos.

  • Solid

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    Any area of the sheet receiving 100 percent ink coverage, as compared to a screen tint.

  • Soy-based Inks

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    Inks using vegetable oils instead of petroleum products as pigment vehicles, thus are easier on the environment.

  • Specially Printer

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    Printer whose equipment, supplies, work flow and marketing is targeted to a particular category of products.

  • Specifications

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    Complete and precise written description of features of a printing job such as type size and leading, paper grade and quantity, printing or binding method. Abbreviated specs.

  • Spectrophotometer

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    Instrument used to measure the index of refraction of color.

  • Specular Highlight

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    Highlight area with no printable dots, thus no detail, as compared to a diffuse highlight. Also called catchlight and dropout highlight.

  • Spine

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    Back or binding edge of a publication

  • Spiral Bind

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    To bind using a spiral of continuous wire or plastic looped through holes. Also called coil bind.

  • Split Fountain

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    Technique of putting ink colors next to each other in the same ink fountain and printing them off the same plate. Split fountains keep edges of colors distinct, as compared to rainbow fountains that blend edges.

  • Split Run

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    (1) Different images, such as advertisements, printed in different editions of a publication. (2) Printing of a book that has some copies bound one way and other copies bound another way.

  • Spoilage

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    Paper that, due to mistakes or accidents, must be thrown away instead of delivered printed to the customer, as compared to waste.

  • Spot Color or Varnish

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    One ink or varnish applied to portions of a sheet, as compared to flood or painted sheet. .

  • Standard Viewing Conditions

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    Background of 60 percent neutral gray and light that measures 5000 degrees Kelvin the color of daylight on a bright day. Also called lighting standards.

  • Stat

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    Short for photostat, therefore a general term for an inexpensive photographic print of line copy or halftone.

  • Statistical Process Control

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    Method used by printers to ensure quality and delivery times specified by customers. Abbreviated SPC.

  • Step and Repeat

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    Prepress technique of exposing an image in a precise, multiple pattern to create a flat or plate. Images are said to be stepped across the film or plate.

  • Stocking Paper

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    Popular sizes, weights and colors of papers available for prompt delivery from a merchant's warehouse.

  • Stock Order

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    Order for paper that a mill or merchant sends to a printer from inventory at a warehouse, as compared to a mill order.

  • String Score

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    Score created by pressing a string against paper, as compared to scoring using a metal edge.

  • Strip

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    To assemble images on film for platemaking. Stripping involves correcting flaws in film, assembling pieces of film into flats and ensuring that film and flats register correctly. Also called film assembly and image assembly.

  • Substance Weight

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    Alternate term for basis weight, usually referring to bond papers. Also called sub weight.

  • Stumping (Blocking)

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    In the book arena, hot die, foil or other means in creating an image on a case bound book.

  • Substrate

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    Any surface or material on which printing is done.

  • Subtractive Color

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    Color produced by light reflected from a surface, as compared to additive color. Subtractive color includes hues in color photos and colors created by inks on paper.

  • Subtractive Primary Color

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    Yellow, magenta and cyan. In the graphic arts, these are known as process colors because, along with black, they are the inks colors used in color-process printing.

  • Supercalendered Paper

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    Paper calendered using alternating chrome and fiber rollers to produce a smooth, thin sheet. Abbreviated SC paper.

  • Surprint

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    Taking an already printed matter and re-printing again on the same.

  • Swash Book

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    A book in a variety of forms, indicating specific stock in specific colors in a specific thickness.

  • SWOP

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    Abbreviation for specifications for web offset publications, specifications recommended for web printing of publications.