Print Glossary
  • Face

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    Edge of a bound publication opposite the spine. Also called foredge. Also, an abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general style.

  • Fake Duotone

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    Halftone in one ink color printed over screen tint of a second ink color. Also called dummy duotone, dougraph, duplex halftone, false duotone, flat tint halftone and halftone with screen.

  • Fast Color Inks

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    Inks with colors that retain their density and resist fading as the product is used and washed.

  • Feeding Unit

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    Component of a printing press that moves paper into the register unit.

  • Felt Finish

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    Soft woven pattern in text paper.

  • Felt Side

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    Side of the paper that was not in contact with the Fourdrinier wire during papermaking, as compared to wire side.

  • Fifth Color

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    Ink color used in addition to the four needed by four-color process.

  • Film Gauge

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    Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection or increased gloss.

  • Film Laminate

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    Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection or increased gloss.

  • Fine Papers

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    Papers made specifically for writing or commercial printing, as compared to coarse papers and industrial papers. Also called cultural papers and graphic papers.

  • Fine Screen

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    Screen with ruling of 150 lines per inch (80 lines per centimeter) or more.

  • Finish

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    (1) Surface characteristics of paper. (2) General term for trimming, folding, binding and all other post press operations.

  • Finished Size

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    Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.

  • Fit

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    Refers to ability of film to be registered during stripping and assembly. Good fit means that all images register to other film for the same job.

  • Fixed Costs

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    Costs that remain the same regardless of how many pieces are printed. Copyrighting, photography and design are fixed costs.

  • Flat Color

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    (1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a color created by printing four-color process. Also called block color and spot color. (2) color that seems weak or lifeless.

  • Flat Plan (Flats)

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    Diagram of the flats for a publication showing imposition and indicating colors.

  • Flat Size

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    Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding, as compared to finished size.

  • Flexography

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    Method of printing on a web press using rubber or plastic plates with raised images. Also called aniline printing because flexographic inks originally used aniline dyes. Abbreviated flexo.

  • Flood

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    To print a sheet completely with an ink or varnish. flooding with ink is also called painting the sheet.

  • Flush Cover

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    Cover trimmed to the same size as inside pages, as compared to overhang cover. Also called cut flush

  • Flyleaf

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    Leaf, at the front and back of a casebound book that is the one side of the end paper not glued to the case.

  • Fogging Back

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    Used in making type more legible by lowering density of an image, while allowing the image to show through.

  • Foil Emboss

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    To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp.

  • Foil Stamp

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    Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp.

  • Folder

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    A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials.

  • Fold Marks

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    With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located at the top edges.

  • Foldout

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    Gatefold sheet bound into a publication, often used for a map or chart. Also called gatefold and pullout.

  • Folio (page number)

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    The actual page number in a publication.

  • Form

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    Each side of a signature. Also spelled forme.

  • Format

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    Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product.

  • Form bond

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    Lightweight bond, easy to perforate, made for business forms. Also called register bond.

  • Form Roller(s)

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    Roller(s) that come in contact with the printing plate, bringing it ink or water.

  • For Position Only

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    Refers to inexpensive copies of photos or art used on mechanical to indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction. Abbreviated FPO.

  • Forwarding

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    In the case book arena, the binding process which involves folding, rounding, backing, headbanding and reinforcing.

  • Fountain

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    Trough or container, on a printing press, that holds fluids such as ink, varnish or water. Also called duct.

  • Fountain Solution

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    Mixture of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to prevent ink from adhering to the nonimage area. Also called dampener solution.

  • Four-color Process Printing

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    Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing.

  • Free Sheet

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    Paper made from cooked wood fibers mixed with chemicals and washed free of impurities, as compared to groundwood paper. Also called woodfree paper.

  • French Fold

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    A printed sheet, printed one side only, folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section.

  • Full-range Halftone

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    Halftone ranging from 0 percent coverage in its highlights to 100 percent coverage in its shadows.

  • Full-scale Black

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    Black separation made to have dots throughout the entire tonal range of the image, as compared to half-scale black and skeleton black. Also called full-range black.